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This glossary contains all terms used therein.


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D

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A financial ratio that shows how much a company pays out in dividends each year relative to its share price. In the absence of any capital gains, the dividend yield is the return on investment for a stock. Dividend yield is calculated as follows: Annual dividends per share/Price per share. This ratio can be calculated either on the basis of the currently paid dividend or on the basis of expected future dividends.

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abbr. Dow Jones Index

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a repo at which the purchaser is allowed to return another paper at maturity (but with agreed qualitiy)

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a bond which is issued by a domestic issuer in his home country under domestic law in domestic currency

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A bond that is issued by a domestic issuer in the home country under domestic law in domestic currency.

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Repeated use of a security as collateral in a repo. This practice is not allowed and is only possible if the seller fails to deliver the securities to the buyer.

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The Dow Jones Industrial Average (Index) contains the 30 largest industrial companies of the New York Stock Exchange and was first published in 1897. It was designed as a price index and is computed continuously (real-time).

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the process of an issuer's debt securities' ratings being lowered by a rating agency (see also rating, upgrade)

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(Probability of failure during economic downturn) is the highest observable PD over a predetermined period of time (either on the class level or portfolio level).

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cp. bill of exchange

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This bond has the particularity that the issuer is a foreigner, but the bond is acquired with the domestic currency (eg EUR), the interest is paid in EUR, but repayment has to be made in the currency of the issuer.

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also called: simple duration, Macauley durationpoint in time, when the loss of a bond, due to an increase of interest rates, is offset by the higher return of the re-investment of coupon payments and vice versathe simple duration is distinct from the modified duration

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method of allocation at interest tenders, where all bids are allocated at the same interest rate This interest rate is called marginal interest rate (=lowest accepted bid) opposite: american-style tender

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abbr. Dollar value of a 01 same meaning as BVBP


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